Go to Text Version.
Click on image for full-size jpg picture (50 Kb)
Massasoit's treaty with the Pilgrams
(Library of Congress)

Massasoit was a chief of the Wampanoag tribe. Also known as Ousamequin, or "yellow feather," he was born about 1590 in the village of Pokanoket which was near the present-day Bristol, Rhode Island.. The peace treaty which Massasoit and the Pilgrims signed on March 22, 1621 was never broken. Because of this agreement, the Wampanoag and Pilgrims lived in peaceful coexistence. Massasoit's friendship with the colonists kept the Wampanoags neutral during the Pequot War of 1636. Until his death in 1661, Massasoit remained a friend an ally of the Pilgrims.

Peace Treaty with Massasoit, 1621

1.  That neither he nor any of his should injure or do hurt to any of our people.

2.  And if any of his did hurt to any of ours, he should send the offender, that we might punish him.

3.  That if any of our tools were taken away when our people were at work, he should cause them to be restored; and if ours did any harm to any of his, we would do the like to them.

4.  If any did unjustly war against him, we would aid him; if any did war against us, he should aid us.

5.  He should send to his neighbor confederates, to certify them of this, that they might not wrong us, but might be likewise comprised in the conditions of peace.

6.  That when their men came to us, they should leave their bows and arrows behind them, as we should do our pieces when we came to them.

Lastly, that doing thus, King James would esteem of him as his friend and ally.

The image on this page is from The Native American Experience. Materials contained there are "authorized to be reproduced by any means for non-profit educational or private use. The reproduction of any material for sale or incorporation in any publication intended for sale is prohibited without the permission of The Publisher: Facts On File, Inc., 460 Park Avenue South, New York, N.Y. 10016; Facts On file, Ltd., Collins St., Oxford OX4 IXF"

More images and information are available at the American Indian Studies.
For more documents and images from American history visit American Memories


Background from Realm Graphics
Copyright ©1995-98 (excepting treaty text) Not Just for Kids! and An American Thanksgiving
Maintained by Rosie Winters rosiet@night.net.

URL: http://www.night.net/thanksgiving/massasoit-treaty.html